The Champatsch Alp was already mentioned by name in a document dating from the 15th century. Extensive archaeological studies have shown that the settlement was relocated at least twice within the area of the alpine pasture.
The buildings were probably erected in 1825 at their previous site, which remained in use until 1984. This group of three buildings comprised the large herdsman’s hut, a small cowshed and a larger shelter. The low block building with a lean-to roof placed somewhat at a distance from the other structures was used for keeping pigs. In its original configuration the herdsman’s hut consisted of a milk and cheese cellar on the side facing the slope, while the side facing the valley consisted of a large room open to roof level which was used equally for working, i.e. mainly for cheese-making, and as living quarters. The parlour made cosy by its stone stove was not built into the house until 1950.
The shelter, which gave the cattle protection from bad weather and was where they were milked, represents an earlier stage of cultural history than the stall itself, for, into the 19th century, an open-sided shelter was considered quite adequate even for sick and young animals.
The springs located close to the Alp at the original site did not supply sufficient water to meet the needs of humans and cattle. A small mountain lake in the neighbouring valley was therefore tapped, with the water being led to the Alp by means of simple ditches.